Drishti will teach you to separate yourself from your false attitudes and to distinguish between illusions and reality.
Eyes are the main perception tool for humans. Admit, performing asanas in a yoga class, you have time to study your girlfriend’s new haircut on the next rug, and notice how many newcomers are in the room, and compare who has the best pose - you or the one who is in front of you. At some point you notice that you are carried away by the contemplation of the landscape outside the window or admire your own pedicure. Oddly enough, all these things seem to you much more entertaining than what you came to class for. What led you away from the goal? The answer is obvious: eyes.Wherever we look, it will be followed steadily by attention. Attention is the most valuable thing we have, but, alas, it often leads us along the wrong path. The splendor of the outside world captivates our eyes, and we invariably succumb to the temptation. As a result, our attention is enslaved, and we are distracted from what is actually true and valuable. Moreover, bright attractive images excite the mind and deprive us of prana (vital energy), which is wasted on processing unnecessary information. To counter these harmful trends, it is necessary to regain lost control over attention.
Don't believe your eyes
A special yoga technique that teaches you to direct your gaze to a specific point and focus on it is called drishti. Translated from Sanskrit, this word means "sight, image, point of view, mind, wisdom." Speaking of drishti, they usually mean both the technique itself and the objects that the eye is directed at.By focusing on a specific point, we learn to see the boundaries of perception and overcome them. Usually we perceive the surrounding reality through the prism of our own ideas, which are formed under the influence of various factors. By their nature, these ideas are purely subjective, therefore, they are nothing more than prejudices.
The distorted perception of the world in yoga philosophy is associated with avidiye - ignorance, ignorance, lack of knowledge - which the sage Patanjali called the root of all suffering. Let's look at an example. Suppose a young girl who grew up in a family of loving and caring parents, in an atmosphere of complete confidence, begins dating a young man. And so the first relationship in her life ended in complete disappointment. As a result, she forms a prejudice against men, whom she begins to perceive as extremely unreliable and not trustworthy. This prejudice will make it difficult for her to communicate with representatives of the opposite sex and, quite possibly, will hinder the creation of a normal, strong family. In other words, due to a false representation, she will doom herself to constant disappointment.
A New Look
The eyes perceive objects that are in the external world, yoga also teaches to see the inner reality. In the process of good practice, we begin to realize the conditioning of our perceptions and gradually realize that we see only what we want to see. Drishti allows you to form what yoga is called ecagrata - unidirectional attention. When we narrow the focus to one point, attention stops wandering from object to object and we begin to notice fluctuations in attention inside. Over time, we gain the ability to separate ourselves from our perceptions and to distinguish the apparent from the real. Let's get back to our example. Due to disappointment, a girl can identify herself so strongly with her own resentment that she will look at each man through the prism of her own emotion. Having learned to separate herself from her idea, she will be able to look at the situation with new eyes, overestimate her and her attitude to her. Armed with knowledge, she will move towards a new life.So ecagrata gives us vidya - an adequate perception of reality, - thanks to which we see things as they really are.
The practice of drishti is actively used in various fields of yoga. Adherents of ash-ta-n-ga-vi-nya-sy during the performance of asanas focus their eyes on a specific area - there are nine in all - and then concentrate their attention on it. B.K.S. Iyen-gar in his book "Clarification of the great-on-pit" notes that "the gaze plays a major role in the practice of asanas." And the school of kriya yoga uses the technique of tra-ta-ki, in which the eyes of wide-open eyes are directed to the flame of a candle. The practitioner looks at the flame without blinking until his eyes begin to water. Tra-ta-ka not only has a tera-pe-in-tee effect, but also teaches the co-pro-tee-in of the unconscious motives of the body that appear during class — in this case, the need to blink.Adherents of bhakti-yoga (service yoga) use drsti differently - they turn a long, full of love look to God. By practicing visualization, they represent the Divine in the form of Krishna, and the whole world becomes for them prasadam (sacred offering).
Various drishti techniques are also used in the practice of pranayama and meditation.
Depending on where the objects on which the focus is focused, are distinguished Bahia (external) and antara (internal) dr-sh-te. During the practice of asanas, kriy (cleaning procedures) sowing (service process in karma yoga) and bha kti (prayers) resort to Bahia dr-shti, but with pra-na-pit and meditation they use an internal object. The most common technique an-ta-ra dr-shti - to look up under the closed eyelids to the area of the third eye. In Iyengar’s presentation it sounds like this: “Closing the eyes immerses the adept in meditation, the object of which becomes He - the true eye of all eyes, the true life of all lives."In the Bhagavad-gita (VI.13), another technique is described, in which the eyes remain half-open, and the gaze is directed to the tip of the nose: "Directly and motionlessly holding the body, neck and head, keep your eyes fixed on the tip of the nose, unseeing."
If you notice that during the practice of antara drishti you begin to think about worldly affairs and concerns, open your eyes and fix your eyes on an external object. Conversely, if the outward focus of the gaze makes it difficult to concentrate, close your eyes and look inward.
Fixing the gaze is an ideal way to maintain balance in balance poses such as Vri-k-sha-sa-na (Tree pose), Garudasan (Eagle pose), Vi-ra-bha-dra-sa-na III (Hero pose III) and various versions of Hast Pa-da-ngu-shtha-sa-na (Pose of Grabbing the Big Toe in the Standing Position). By focusing our attention on a fixed point, we adopt the properties of this point and gain its inherent stability and stability.
In the practice of drishti there is a danger of taking the remedy for the goal. Remember that fixing your gaze and focusing your attention is designed to create calm and silence within you. The whole body - including the eyes - must work for this purpose. If during practice you focus on an external object, do not look at it closely, but slightly defocus your eyes - this way you can be more distracted from external objects and bring attention into yourself.Avoid excessive efforts: the look should in no case cause tension in the eyes or interfere with the correct performance of the asana. I will give an example. In the classic Triangle pose, the object of drishti is the fingers of an outstretched arm. In practicing this pose, many students experience discomfort in the neck when they turn their heads. Focusing your eyes on drishti in this case will not lead to anything: because of the unpleasant sensations, you will only disperse your attention, and because of unnecessary efforts you will not be able to properly perform the asana. Remember that drishti practice is justified only when you feel freedom in your body and mind.
A fairy tale is a lie, but a hint in it
By acquiring the ability to see reality without distortion, we return to our inner, true "I". Selfish impulses and aspirations cease to define our life, and we begin to perceive ourselves as an integral part of the world in which we live. False representations make us feel isolated from the rest, as a result of which we suffer from loneliness, a sense of uselessness and abandonment. True vision gives birth to intimacy between us and other people: behind external differences, we begin to see the inner essence - truth, which is eternal and unchanging.